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Reload this page My Favorite Music

Here are my notes on the music I like.

Blown Away by Steve Steigman


Topics this page:

  • Types & Genres of Music 
  • Forms of Worship 
  • Hymns 
  • Twisted Hymn Lyrics 
  • Contemporary Worship Songs
  • Christmas 
  • Worship Artists 
  • Touch Tone Phone Songs 
  • Resources 
  • Lyrics 
  • Musical Terms Italiano 
  • Pianos 
  • Your comments?? 

    "When I hear music, I fear no danger. I am invulnerable. I see no foe. I am related to the earliest times, and to the latest." —Henry David Thoreau, Journal


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    Christian Hip-Hop

    Techno remixes of vintage video game sound tracks

    Theme music: "Nada Prelude" by Richard

    Set this at top of window. Genres of Music

      Source: Beat Mode Music Genres UK

      Genre Artists Origins
      Classical - -
      Raegae Bob Marley -
      Pop Britney Spears -
      Rock Nirvana, Pearl Jam, Soundgarden, Smashing pumpkins, Foo Fighters, Oasis, Blur, The Rolling Stones Rock is a type of popular music with a strong loud beat which is usually played with electric guitars and drums.

      Rock music is a very general term as there are so many different parts to it. From an "alternative" point of view (non-commercial) there were three watershed years in the history of rock music: 1955, when Chuck Berry started making rock and roll; 1966, when Bob Dylan, Frank Zappa, the Doors, the Velvet Underground and others caused a massive revolution in a slumbering music scene; 1976, when the "new wave" and punk-rock caused a similar revolution in a similarly slumbering scene. Each of these golden ages was followed by an era of "re-alignment" in which creativity was replaced by sell-out, as the record industry (and commercial bands) capitalized on the innovations of the previous years.

      House DJ Dan, Carl Cox, Danny Tenaglia, Deep Dish, Frankie Knuckles. Roger Sanchez, 68 Beats, Brother Brown. Defined by four-four beats, rasping hi-hats, artificial hand claps, bass loops and drum rolls, House drew inspiration from jazz, rap, soul, R&B, Synth Pop, and Dub Reggae.

      The name comes from a now defunct club called the Warehouse in Chicago. It's attendees were so enthralled by the groovy, soulful style of Disco that resident DJ Frankie Knuckles played there, that they shortened Warehouse to House and birthed the moniker House Music. Frankie played Philly Disco and Garage-type Disco from New York, where he was from originally for a mostly gay crowd of about 250 people on Saturday nights. Other DJs started playing this music for the much bigger and straight crowd on the Southside, the name stuck because a few of them used to go to the Warehouse and had heard the music before.

      Trance - As with all "new" kinds of music, Trance took a bit of technology, some existing dance music formulas like 4-4 beats at a danceable bmp, and created a new unique sound to call its own containing lots of very psychadelic sounding wobbly noises, and acidy sounds. Tracks generally go on for ages.

      Trance music started evolving in the late 80's under three main influences: the first was the electronic new wave/industrial music, the second was the electronic techno disco of Detroit; and the third was the psychedelic music of the seventies. The first step towards what we know nowadays as Trance or Goa Trance was done in 1988 with the introduction of the TB 303 sound into straight beat dance music, and the amazing effect it was found to perform over people dancing. This effect was further enhanced by the administration of a rediscovered drug Ecstasy and so Acid music was born and brought upon the UK summer of love. Trance was the starting point for such specialized sounds such as Hard Trance, Acid Trance, Trancecore (a mixture of Trance and Hardcore) and eventually - Goa Trance/Psychedelic Trance and Progressive Trance.

      Rap - -
      Blues Jimi Hendrix, Gary Moore, Bonnie Raitt, Robert Cray, Magic Slim, Huddie Ledbetter Blues music began as the primary artistic expression of a minority culture: It was created mainly by black working class men and women. Through its simplicity, sensuality, poetry, humor and irony, it mirrored the qualities and the attitudes of blacks in America for three-quarters of a century. As the blues was created largely by illiterate musicians, scarcely any of whom could read music, improvisation, both verbal and musical, was an essential part of it, though not to the extent that it was in jazz. In its early years, the blues was wholly an African-American art form. Influential in its development were the collective unaccompanied work songs of the plantation culture, which followed a responsorial "leader-and-chorus" form with an emphasis on rhythm and meter similar in nature to the marching songs of the military.

      The 12 bar blues harmonic progression (the one-four-five) is most often agreed to be the following: four bars of tonic, two of subdominant, two of tonic, two of dominant, and two of tonic. Or, alternatively, I,I,I,I,IV,IV,I,I,V,V,I,I. Each roman numeral indicates a chord built on a specific tone in the major scale.

      Pop Anything from Elvis to the Spice Girls. Britney Spears Pop music is generally music created for the sole purpose of making money. Today much of it is manufactured and pop stars are often no more than puppets on a string. The music itself doesn't have its own style; as any style can be "pop" so long as it is popular.

      The term "Popular Music" can apply to anything from music hall ballads to salsa. "Pop", a more specific genre, includes everything from 1950s Rock N Roll to the 1990s Rap. Rock N Roll was the first music to speak directly to the youth. It mixed African-American Rhythm & Blues with Country Music. Elvis Presley made Rock N Roll a worldwide phenomenon. The Beatles added their top-selling songwriting skills to Rock N Roll, while The Rolling Stones incorporated Chicago Blues into their music. The Stones' loud, tough sound paved the way for Heavy Metal. Meanwhile, Americans such as Artha Franklin created a new blend of Rhythm & Blues and Gospel Music which came to be known as Soul. Disco, which made heavy use of synthesizers, and Rap Music, are direct descendants of Soul. In the late 1970s, a new generation produced its own wild version of Rock N Roll called Punk Rock. Played at a frenzied speed, Punk Rock produced bands such as the Sex Pistols. The 1980s and early 1990s saw new superstars like Michael Jackson and Madonna, and groups such as U2, filling huge stadiums. The 1990s also saw the birth of Alternative Music or Grunge, an offshoot of Rock. Bands such as Nirvana, Pearl Jam, Stone Temple Pilots and Radiohead became an instant rage.

    • Sacred - Music that is written for spiritual or religious use Flash website offers videos to worship music to promote Sally Morgenthaler's Worship Evangelism and Widening the Circle: Designing Worship that Reaches- A Collaboration.

    • Secular - Music that is written for entertainment

    • Opera - A musical work with drama, song, chorus and orchestral music.
    • Suite - A musical composition of several movements only loosely connected.
    • Concerto - A composition for orchestra and a soloist
    • cadenza - an elaborate solo passage, frequently unaccompanied, used as an embellishment
    • Overture - An orchestral music composed for the opening of an opera or oratorio, often played as an independend work in concerts
    • Movement - A subsection of a musical work. Typically a movement of a symphony, but also a piece of a suite.
    • Symphony - A large and complex work for symphony orchestra
    • Oeuvre - A musical work by a composer
    • opus - a work; a composition.

    • Concertmaster - the first violinist of the orchestra. He sits closest to the conductor and signals the tuning of the orchestra. He is sometimes given a solo part within a composition.
    • Venue - A location for musical performance, e.g. concert hall, opera house, recital hall, etc.

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    Set this at top of window. What Gets Me Going

      I'm not into cynical, critical, and depressing music. I prefer music that is uplifting.

      I think the most inspiring music focuses on the source of unconditional love, grace, and justice.

      Unlike other music, the lyrics in worship songs reminds me that there is a God who sees all and can intervene for our ultimate good.  

      Worship songs are a form of prayer. They keep me focused on serving my Lord and Savior rather than my own hedonistic pride and ego.


    Angel Musician by Fiorentino Rosso.  Get this print framed on your wall!
    Get this print framed for your wall!

    “God made us to be worshippers. That was the purpose of God in bringing us into the world.” —A. W. Tozer

    Sing and rejoice, O daughter of Zion; for, lo, I come, and I will dwell in the midst of thee, saith the LORD. Zechariah 2:10 (KJV)

    “Be filled with the Spirit, as you sing psalms and hymns and spiritual songs among yourselves, singing and making melody to the Lord in your hearts” Ephesians 5:18b-19

  • Internet Praise radio within Shoutcast
  • Air1 Radio (the first live 24/7 CCM Internet Radio), KLVV (800-FAITH88, which presents a playlist) hosted by, KKFS "The Fish", and commercial-free KLove at broadcasts contemporary worship songs by 4Him, Mercy Me, Rebecca St. James, etc.

  • Microsoft's list of on-line Christian stations offering .asx links to Windows Media content includes Word of Truth Radio, Lucky777, Winds of Praise, Outbound praise, and Premier from London, England.

  • Contemporary Christian on Cable TV

  • Mike Dean's list of Live Christian Radio stations on the web throughout the US.  includes White Dove Radio.

  •'s Entertainment home page has a List of Christian Radio Stations

  • Christian Radio on the Net

  • Gospel songs at

  • adds both bible readings and annoying ads.

    Javascript feature Generate a Country Song — a different song every time you click!

    $12 Extravagant Worship: Holy, Holy, Holy Is the Lord God Almighty Who Was and Is, and Is to Come Oct. 2002 by Darlene Zschech. This Australian created several of today's most popular contemporary church worship songs.
    $12 Extravagant Worship: Songs [CD] is a compilation of hits that energetically draw people to God.

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    Set this at top of window. Forms of Worship

      In today's world, the word "worship" generally means singing and perhaps dancing. There are many ways to worship.

    • MIDI organ Gregorian Chants purposely do not follow a rhythm.  Monks say they draws focus to one's body rather than on an ethereal God.

      Those who warn of the dangers of Christian Contemporary Music (CCM), with articles such as “ Christian Rock: Blessing or Blasphemy?” are concerned because such songs don't mention the name of Christ or talk about salvation through God on the cross rather than self-absorbed acts.

      I don't think that one musical instrument is more "heavenly" than any other.

    • Those who feel that Dance is Biblical have developed choreography to accompany worship songs such as Glorify Thy Name, Lord I Lift Your Name On High, Give Thanks, etc.

      Gary Parret reminds us that the English word "worship" was translated from the Hebrew word shachah and Greek work proskuneo, which both mean "bowing down" rather than clebrating.

      The Hebrew word avad and Greek word latreuo means "to serve".


    Scripture Psalm 32:11-33 (NIV)
    Be glad in the LORD and rejoice, you righteous ones, And shout for joy, all you who are upright in heart. Sing for joy in the LORD, O you righteous ones; Praise is becoming to the upright. Give thanks to the LORD with the lyre; Sing praises to Him with a harp of ten strings. Sing to Him a new song; Play skillfully with a shout of joy.

    Sanctified Joy by Bernard Stanley Hoyes.  Get this framed for your wall.
    Get this print framed for your wall!

    Scripture Psalm 149:3 (NLT)
    Praise his name with dancing, accompanied by tambourine and harp.

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    Set this at top of window. Traditional Hymns

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    Set screen Contemporary Worship songs

    Jazz V by A.A. Gockel.  Get this framed for your wall.
    Get this print framed for your wall!

    Vineyard Music Group, an outgrowth of the Calvary Chapel churches under Chuck Smith, has a large catalog of worship music.

  • The 21st Century Puritan has references used by "Hymns for the Family of God", a hymnal used by many denominations.

  • The Cyber Hymnal adds trivia to their 1,300+ MIDI's of hymns and songs.

  • Among MIDI's of the most popular Christian contemporary songs (by Title) from 4Him, Amy Grant, Bob Carlisle, Bryan Duncan, Carman, DC Talk, Jars of Clay, Keith Green, Michael Card, Michael W. Smith, Petra, Point of Grace, Ray Boltz, Rich Mullins, Steven Curtis Chapman, Twila Paris, etc.

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    Christmas Tunes

    Set this at top of window. Worship Artists

    Among the scriptures related to music at the Christian Songwriters Webring:

    ScriptureJames 5:13 (NIV)

    “Is any among you suffering? Let him pray. Is any cheerful? Let him sing praise.”

    Scripture Habakkuk 3:17-18
    Though the fig tree should not blossom, And there be no fruit on the vines, Though the yield of the olive should fail, And the fields produce no food, Though the flock should be cut off from the fold, And there be no cattle in the stalls, Yet I will exult in the LORD, I will rejoice in the God of my salvation.

    Scripture Psalm 96:2
    Sing to the Lord, bless His name; proclaim the good news of His salvation from day to day.

    Scripture 1 Corinthians 14:15
    I will sing with the spirit, and I will sing with the understanding also.

    Scripture 2 Corinthians 4:7
    But we have this treasure in jars of clay to show that this all-surpassing power is from God and not from us.

    A website external to this site MIDI Classical Archives

    From the List of Worship Leaders:

    • Word label.

    • I never get tired of listening to the exuberant praise music CD's from Darlene Zschech at the Hills Christian Life Center.

    • Crystal Lewis is also one of my favorite singers. Hearing her sing I Believe In You129KB Wav audio as thousands pour down to receive Christ during Greg Laurie's Harvest Crusades is the highlight of my year. She helps me experience God because there's conviction and hope in her voice. I wasn't surprised when her "On My Knees" won the Dove Awards Song of the Year for '98. Not that it means anything, but Crystal also walked away with "Female Vocalist of the Year " over Rebecca St. James, Kathy Troccoli, Jaci Velasquez, and CeCe Winans. She looks petite, but she sure packs a whallop. She has that tinge of Generation X bitterness, but she's all praise in song such as People Get Ready129KB Wav audio and Lion and the Lamb129KB Wav audio

      There's a good interview with her from a 1993 Lighthouse article. Check out how her songs from Myrrh Records are doing on the Christian Contemporary Charts.


        Her Beauty for Ashes 129KB Wav audio with Ron Kenoly is a based on Isaiah 61:3 To grant those who mourn in Zion, Giving them a garland instead of ashes, The oil of gladness instead of mourning, The mantle [garment KJV] of praise instead of a spirit of fainting [heaviness - KJV]. So they will be called oaks of righteousness, The planting of the LORD, that He may be glorified.

      The Christian Community Network maintains a list of Christian artists. So does CMO. Among the The Christian Songwriter Web Ring:

    • Integrity Music (800.689-8808) promotes Christian artists such as Ron Kenoly (Music Pastor at the Jubilee Christian Center in San Jose, CA 408.262-0900).

    • If I had to make a list of the most influential theologians in the world today, I would not hesitate to name Michael Card. He has written a song on practically every book of the Bible. Real Audio What other musician has a long Reading List on their web site and seeks to fund a 25,000 volume library? The books included in two of his albums are two of the most profound Christian books I've read. Note that he charges people $10 to listen to each of his Real Audioradio shows .

    • Fernando Ortega is like a Christian George Winston on the piano. Great for driving through the woods or by the ocean.

    • Listen to Cindy Morgan if you think one can't dance to Christian rock music.

    • Carman isn't a woman or a man who sells automobiles. He knows how to get to teenagers. He's got a great sound and a great stage show.

    • The AppolgetiX band specializes in Biblical parodies of rock songs from the 1950's-90's, everything from Elvis to Alanis, the Beatles to Bush! Listen to snippets from their CD.

    • Brownsville Assemblies of God under John Kirkpatrick.

    • The Katinas sing "R&B worship". You can feel the love when these 5 brothers sing. There's no way to mistake that they are singing to God, not a woman. Here's the next big thing in worship music. Their current album is doing so well, Maranatha is re-releasing their 1991 “So Good” album
      Lifeway article.

    Manly Worship Music

      Try the new generation stuff like Delirious, The Kry, Sonic Flood, Third Day, All Together Separate... Matt Redman, Stuart Townend, and Robin Marks are from Britian


      Some prefer to sing without instruments in order to keep the focus on the meaning of words in the hymn rather than the rhythm/melody. Here are some:

    • Listen
    • Mennolink
    • Rod and Staff Publishers publishes the Christian Hymnary

    Some songs have men and women singing separate parts.

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    Set screen Songs to play on Touch-Tone(R) phones

      Do this! Commas are pauses. Hyphens after a key are held notes.

    • Happy Birthday 112163- 112196- 1108521- 008121-
    • Mary Had A Little Lamb 3212333, 222, 399- 32123333,22321
    • Jingle Bells 333, 333, 39123- 666, 663 33332- 2329- 333, 333, 39123- 666-6633, 399621-
    • Frere Jacques 1231, 1231, 369- 369, 9*9631- 9*9631, 111- 111-
    • Olympic Fanfare 3-9-91231, 2222-32112312, 3-9-91231, 2222-32112321-
    • The Butterfly Song 963, 23621, 3693236236932362, 963, 23621

    Play to someone listening, not to voicemail systems.

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    Set screen Resources

    Musica Letitiae Comes Medicina Dolorum —Translation from Latin: “Music is the Companion of Joy, the Medicine of Sorrow” From an inscription in a Vermeer painting 'The Music Lesson' at London's Buckingham Palace

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    Set screen Lyrics to Songs

      Using your favorite search engine

      Most search engines will allow you to do a song title-specific lyric search. Type in the song name in the search box. Add "+lyrics" to the end of your search terms (without a space or quotes) and perform your search. Best of all, your top results are often from an artist's own site. This tip will not work for Web directories such as Yahoo.

      Lyric sites and search engines

      Hundreds of sites dedicated to compiling song lyrics allow you to search by title, artist, or both:

      1. Song Lyrics, for activists and protests
      2. Most commonly misheard lyrics
      5. Lyrics Planet
      6. Lyrics Search Engine

      Lyric Find allows you to search by song title, artist, or even lyrics themselves. Site producers are working on gaining permission from publishers to post copyright material. Search functionality for these works will return soon.

      Find the engine that fits your needs

      Music Fanatic Link Directory can point you to the site likely to return the most accurate results for the song you're looking for, based on musical genre. The site also links to some of the best lyrical search engines for each genre.

      The directory of 100 popular lyric sites.

    VCD of Elvis movies

    Phantom of the Opera 2004 movie soundtrack

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    Set screen Musical Terms Italiano

      Zu - too

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      Relative loudness or softness, the volume of sound, measured in decibles:

    • Stress - Dynamic intensification of a beat.
    • Accent - A beat marked for emphasis placed on a note or chord

    • tacet - be silent; do not play
    • piano (p) - softly
    • pianissimo (pp) - very softly
    • crescendo (cresc.) - Increasing the volume or loudness of the tone
    • decrescendo (decresc.) - decreasing the volume of the tone

    • diminuendo (dim.) - gradually softer
    • calando - gradually softer and slower
    • morendo - dying away; softer and softer
    • perdendosi - gradually softer and slower; dying away.
    • smorzando (smorz.) - extinguished; suddenly dying away

    • mezzo - half, medium
    • mezzo forte (mf) - moderately loud
    • mezzo piano (mp ) - moderately soft

    • sforzando (sfz.) - with sudden force or emphasis
    • forte (f) - loud
    • fortissimo (ff) - very loud

    • molto - much, very
    • troppo - too much
    • poco - a little
    • poco a poco - little by little



      The highness or lowness of sound measured in Hertz.

    • Unison - Everyone on the same pitch

      In Solfege - the Italian system of pitch and interval ear training

    • Soprano
    • Alto
    • Tenor
    • Baritone
    • Bass

    • notation - representing music by written or printed characters (notes, rests, etc.)
    • key note - the tonic or first note in a scale
    • maggiore - the major key based on a scale of w/w/h/w/w/w/h steps
    • minore - the Minor Key based on a scale of w/h/w/w/h/w/w steps

    • octave - an interval of eight diatonic sounds; notes an octave apart have the same letter name, but one of them is higher than the other.
    • ottava (Ova. or 8va) - played an octave higher than written
    • bassa low. - played an octave lower than written



    • Pulse - One of a series of regular, recurrent, and precisely equivalent beats.
    • Meter - The division of time into units; the measurement of pulses between accents.
    • Compound meter - Meter that is made up of simple meters 2/4+3/4
    • syncopation - a type of time structure in which an accented note occurs on an ordinarily weak beat and is prolonged through an ordinarily stronger beat

    • Tempo - The speed a regular pulse is repeated (as measured in number of beats per minute by a metronome)
    • a tempo - in the original tempo
    • l'istesso tempo - at the same tempo as previous passage or movement

    • lento - slow
    • larghetto - slowly, but not as slowly as largo
    • largo - a slow, broad tempo

    • adagio - slowly
    • andante - a moderately slow but flowing tempo
    • andantino - a little faster than andante
    • meno mosso - less motion; slower
    • ritenuto (riten.) - in a slower tempo; held back
    • ritardando (rit.) - retarding, gradually slowing the tempo
    • rallentando (rall.) - gradually slower

    • accelerando (accel.) - growing faster
    • stringendo (string.) - pressing; accelerating the tempo
    • vivace - lively, briskly
    • vivo - animated, quick

    • allegretto - Slower than allegro.
    • pllegro - fast, quick tempo; cheerful.
    • presto - very fast; faster than allegro

    • piu mosso - more movement; faster
    • prestissimo - as fast as possible

    • Rhythm - The beat of music (quick or slow). How a sound is placed in time.
    • Homophonic - A style where all parts have the same rhythm
    • Free rhythm - No regular or recurrent pulse.
    • Counting - Mentally breaking down a rhythm into divisions
    • Parlando-rubato style - Rhythms patterned after speech.
    • recitativo (recit.) - a style of performance intended to sound like a dramatic recitation in natural speech.

    • Harmony - The system of moving from chord to chord
    • fermata U - a pause or hold "hold & listen"
    • chromatic - proceeding by semi tones (half steps)

    • subito - immediately, suddenly.
    • staccato - detached; cut short

    • tenuto (ten.) - held for the full time value
    • sostenuto - sustained
    • replica - repetition

    • rinforzando (rfz.) - reinforced; played with added strength and emphasis
    • risoluto - in a resolute, bold manner
    • rubato - robbing or taking from the notes their strict time value by alternately hurrying and retarding for the purpose of expression
    • volti subito (v.s.) - turn the page immediately

    • Release - How a sound is ended
    • finale - the concluding movement
    • coda - a closing passage
    • fine - the end
    • al fine - to the end

    • arpeggio - notes of a chord played consecutively; a broken chord
    • bis - twice, repeat the passage

    • Melody a series of pitches that form a pattern in time to form to tune. Leonard Bernstein once described melody as the singing side of music just as rhythm is the dancing side.

    • obbligato - a counter-melody which complements the main theme and which constitutes an indispensable part of the composition
    • enharmonic - alike in pitch but different in notation
    • forzando (fz) - the note or chord strongly accented


      Quality (Tone color/Timbre)

      The relative brightness or darkness (personality or quality) of a sound.

    • Articulation - The way a sound is started and ended
    • Attack - The beginning of a sound
    • attacca - begin the next portion of the music without pausing

    • affettuoso - with feeling and emotion
    • bravura - boldness
    • brillante - brilliant
    • con brio - with vigor, spirit

    • animato - animated; with spirit
    • ad libitum (ad lib.) - freely; not in strict time
    • agitato - agitated, restless, hurried
    • allargando (allarg.) - growing slower and louder
    • amoroso - affectionately
    • appassionato - with passion and emotion
    • cantabile - in a singing style
    • capriccioso - in a fanciful and capricious style
    • con anima - with animation and boldness
    • con brio - with vigor and brilliancy
    • con espressione - with expression
    • con fuoco - with fire and passion
    • con moto - with motion
    • con spirito - with spirit and energy

    • giocoso - humorous
    • giojoso - joyous
    • grazioso - gracefully
    • gruppetto - a group of grace notes; a turn
    • dolce - sweetly
    • dolcissimo - very sweetly
    • dolore - sorrow, sadness
    • doloroso - sadly
    • elegante - elegant, graceful
    • energico - energetic, vigorous
    • fuoco - fire, energy
    • furioso - furious
    • lamentoso - lamenting, sad
    • largamente - in a full, broad style
    • legato - in a smooth, connected manner, indicated by the slur
    • leggiero - lightly
    • marcato - in a marked and emphatic style
    • marcia - march
    • marziale - in a martial style
    • misterioso - mysteriously
    • moderato - moderately
    • mosso - movement
    • moto - motion
    • passionato - passionate
    • patetico - pathetic
    • pause U - a pause, also called hold or fermata (hold & listen)
    • piacevole - agreeable

    • triplet - a group of three notes played in the time usually given to only two notes of the same value.
    • velutatta - velvet
    • piu more, as piu forte, piu lento, etc.
    • pomposo - pompous, grand
    • primo (1mo ) - the first, as Tempo Primo
    • Chromatic - Moving in half-steps

    • Breath - One cycle of inspiration/expiration
    • Phrase - Notes played or sung in one breath
    • Diatonic - Moving within a key without changes
    • Diction - Correct and clear pronunciation of consonants
    • Dipthong - Two or more vowel sounds blended together
    • Embouchure - Mouth position in brass and woodwinds
    • Placement - Vocal term--where the sound is placed in the head
    • Slur - Playing a series of pitches without tonguing
    • Tongue - To start a sound with the tongue on reed or mouthpiece

    • scherzando - playfully
    • segue - follows on; continue
    • semplice - in a simple, unaffected manner
    • sempre - always, continually
    • senza - without
    • simile - similarly; in like manner

    • sordino - a mute, such as used for a violin, a trumpet
    • sotto voce - in a quiet, subdued tone
    • spirito - spirit, energy

    • trill - a rapid alternation between the printed note and the next note above it (Baroque: printed note and the next note below it )
    • mordent M "bite" ornament of mother note and lower auxiliaryof two or more notes that make up a very short trill
    • Chord - Two or more pitches sounding together

    • Orchestra - A musical group which perfroms large symphonic works
    • A cappella - Singing without accompaniment
    • solo - a composition or passage for a single voice or instrument
    • Ensemble - A musical group which perfroms in relatively small size, particularly chamber music
    • Intonation - Being in tune with accompaniment or others
    • Polyphonic - Where each part has an independent rhythm
    • divisi (div.) - divided; each part to be played by a separate instrument
    • tutti - all together

    Set screen Music File Formats

    • MIDI is an acronymn for Musical Instrument Device Interface. MIDI file formats contain only the instructions for playing musical instruments. Sequencer software (such as Cakewalk, Cubase, and Logic) can, from a MIDI file, print musical score sheets isolated to individual instruments.

      Methods for creating MIDI instructions include Sampling (digitizing sounds picked up by a microphone), FM, Physical Modeling, classic Analog and Modal synthesis.

      Synthesizer software render sounds for specified instruments through a sound card (Event, E-mu, Terratech, Hoontech, Turtle Beach, Creative Labs, MIDIMan, ESS, Crystal, etc.) and speaker systems. This allows different instruments to play the same score.

      The $129 SurReal software by Seer Systems uses the SoundFonts sampler format popularized by E-mu sound cards.

      Roland Sound Canvas synthesizer parameter tables are based on the Roland General Standard (GS). Microsoft Base-level and Extended modes.

      some keyboards only read MIDI Type 0 (Format 0) files, which stores all information on a single track, without any tempo information.

      MIDI Type 1 (Format 1) saves information on several tracks.

    • .Wav
    • .MP3 supports CBR (Constant Bit Rate) and VBR (Variable Bit Rate).
    • .AVI
    • .DivX
    • RealMedia
    • iPod
    • Ogg Vorbis format from Xiph.Org (MIME "application/ogg") is a fully open, non-proprietary, patent-and-royalty-free, general-purpose compressed audio format for mid to high quality (8kHz-48.0kHz, 16+ bit, polyphonic) audio and music. It features fixed and variable bitrates from 16 to 128 kbps/channel like MPEG-4 (AAC), and similar to, but higher performance than MPEG-1/2 audio layer 3, MPEG-4 audio (TwinVQ), WMA and PAC.

    • .MMF (Mobile Music Polyphonic) files contain cellphone ringtones. Nokia has its own special Sp-midi format.


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    Set screen Portable MP3 Players

    • Archos
    • iPod
    • iRiver
    • Nomad
    • Dell
    • RCA
    • Samsung


      Audible gives away a player with a one-year subscription.

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    Set screen Pianos

      Benefits of a digital piano:
    • Silence for neighbors when using headphones.
    • Can get up into stairs without breakage.
    • Insert a diskette or CD to have the piano play itself as if a pianist is sitting there
      Yamaha's XG sound chip extends the General 16 channel MIDI standard formats (released in 1991) from 128 programs names to 480 built-in voices and XF to include lyrics.
    • Use Piano Discovery software to practice songs.
    • No $100 per year to tune
    • Compose songs on 16 tracks (2 tracks on CLP-950/930/955)
    • Audio in Mic for Karaoke with Yamaha's VH (vocal harmoniser)

      An acoustic piano outfitted with the Piano Disc System

      PianoSoft files have the .psx extension can be played on Yamahas


      • 88 keys (not 61-note keyboards that span just a full five octaves)
      • Polyphony: 32 for beginners (64, 128) to prevent decay of some notes cut short playing intricate compositions or when using layered sounds and
      • auto accompaniment (drums and percussion, etc.)
      • 2 headphone jacks
      • on-board Speakers & amps: 2 x 40 watts per channel for realistic sound
      • Three pedals (Damper, Soft, Sostenuto) that sense half-pedling, not just on/off
      • Sounds: Piano, organ, etc. (which may sound silly)
      • Layered sound in DUAL mode
      • MIDI stereo lines in/out/thru to play downloaded songs
      • USB2 (not just serial interface)
      • Recorder: 3 song, 1800 note to 4 Song, 2 Part, 10,000 Notes
      • Built-in metronome
      • Effects: Reverb, etc.
      • LCD screen


      Brands compared

      • Kawai features real wooden keys for realistic touch (but also make them heavier). Their CP series records to CDs.
        Model ES3 portable

      • Yamaha 2003 Clavinova CLP and CVP with a screen
        ( Compatibility with Disklavier and older models CLP-611 $500 CLP-920

      • Roland Intelligent pianos have keys with an adjustable key touch and are weighted with a lighter touch in the upper range and a heavier touch in the lower range. Their sound is based on a Steinway grand. Their "DigiScore"

    • Digital Piano Reviews

      Note Fingering
      Thumb 1
      Index finger 2
      Middle finger 3
      Ring finger 4
      Little finger 5

      A dot following a note extends that note by half its value. It is used to specify 3/4 of a whole note.

      Playing just the white keys from C to C makes a major scale.
      Accidentals are a general name for the sheet music notation symbols for black keys (half-step higher sharps and lower flats).
      Naturals neutralize (override) previously established sharps and flats.

      How to Play Piano Roger Evans St. Martin's Press ISBN: 0312396015

      How to Play Popular Piano in 10 Easy Lessons Norman Monath Simon & Schuster ISBN: 0671530674

      Instant Keyboard: Quick and Easy Instruction for the Impatient Student Gary Meisner Hal Leonard Publishing ISBN: 0881886246

      Mastering Piano Technique: A Guide for Students, Teachers, and Performers Seymour Fink Amadeus Press ISBN: 0931340462

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