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Reload this page File Types

Here is a list of common file types and their MIME types. [Wikipedia]

Magic Sound

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Set screen Audio Sound Files

    MIME Type (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions). Help on Sound files
      .aiff audio/basic Developed by Apple for Macintosh computers. Also used by SGI machines.
    MIDI .au
    snd ?
    audio/basic Audio format developed by Sun and Next for Unix workstations. Must be saved in 8-bit u-law mono and 8000 Hz.
    MIDI .midi
    audio/midi Musical Instrument Digital Interface sound file
    Real Audio .wav audio/wav Microsoft sound
      .mpga mp2 mp3 audio/mpeg
      .aif aiff aifc audio/x-aiff
      .m3u audio/x-mpegurl
      .ra audio/x-realaudio
    ram .ram
    audio/x-pn-realaudio Real Audio pointer file to .rm and .ra streams played with the RealPlayer client application
    .rpm audio/x-pn-realaudio-plugin Real Audio pointer file to .rm and .ra streams played with Real's internet browser plug-in
    Microsoft Windows Media Audio .wma   Microsoft Media Audio

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Set screen Image (Photo) Files

    MIME Type (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions). Help on Sound files
    screen image .gif image/gif CompuServe Graphics Interchange Format graphic
    photo .jpg
    image/jpeg Joint Photographic Experts Group
      bmp image/bmp
      cgm image/cgm
      ief image/ief
      png image/png
      svg image/svg+xml
      tiff tif image/tiff
      djvu djv image/vnd.djvu
      .wbmp wbmp image/vnd.wap.wbmp
      ras image/x-cmu-raster
      ico image/x-icon
      pnm image/x-portable-anymap
      pbm image/x-portable-bitmap
      pgm image/x-portable-graymap
      ppm image/x-portable-pixmap
      rgb image/x-rgb
      xbm image/x-xbitmap
      xpm image/x-xpixmap
      xwd image/x-xwindowdump

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Set screen Multi-media (Sound with Video) Files

    MIME Type (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions). Help on Sound files
      mpeg mpg mpe video/mpeg
      qt mov video/quicktime
      mxu video/vnd.mpegurl
      movie video/x-sgi-movie
    Asf .asx Microsoft Stream Redirector filewebpage article which points to Windows streaming media content files .asf .wmv .wma
    Audio Visual Interface .avi video/x-msvideo The Audio Visual Interface, from Microsoft, is a high-quality lossless format, so it's used during editing.
    .dcr Macromedia Director Internet Studio 7 bitmap technology movies
    MS Word 98
    MS Word 2000/2002
    .doc application/msword MS Word
    exe file .exe Executable program/application
    Quicktime Movie .mov Quicktime movie player from Apple plays QTVR
    mp3 .mp3 MP3 is a “secure” (compressed and encrypted) format to prevent duplication. MPEG-1, IS 11172-3, describes the compression of audio signals using high performance perceptual coding schemes.
    MPE .mpe a format proprietary to Destiny Media Technologies. It is an 128-bit encrypted wrapper to MP3 and Windows Media content. So it requires RadioDestiny or Songboy players which provides a unique code for each user's hardware. It can also be self-playing.
    MPG SVCD .mpg Motion Pictures Experts Group. Also used for SVCD (Super Video CD) format which fits on 74/80min CD media played using Videolan on Macs.
    MS Powerpoint .ppt application/ MS Powerpoint presentations
    - .shf   Short lossless
    .swf application/x-shockwave-flash Macromedia Shockwave Flash Vector technology movies
      .torrent   BitTorrent files contain information about files shared by P2P file sharing clients using the BitTorrent protocol, which downloads files fast due to bandwidth "swarming" -- getting different portions of a file from seeds (file originators) and peer client mirrors. The most-recommended Windows client is BitTornado, which can limit the rate of download other machines (through ports 6881-6889 TCP). Port 6969 is used by Trackers announcing files available for download. Trackers are found by GoSupernova
    txt file .txt Text (Textpad, Wordpad)
    vcs file .vcs VideoClipStream from Destiny Media Technologies provides proprietary video compression to enable websites to show videos without special players.
    Microsoft Windows Media Video .wmv Microsoft Media Video
    MS Excel .xls application/ MS Excel spreadsheets
        VDOLive streaming video.
        VExtreme streaming video.
      .wrf WebEx recording Player [download]

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Set screen Application Files

    Icon File Extensions MIME Language Executable Product Name
    webpage article .htm
    text/html HTML   Microsoft Front Page, Allaire Home Site, etc.
    .stm, .stml text/html Server-side Includes    
    .adp - Access Data Project single-user, but physically same as a SQL 2000 data file. MS Access 2000 MSDE (MicroSoft Data Engine)
    .css - Cascading Style Sheet    
    .cgi - CGI ___ Common Gateway Interface
    .pl - Perl ___ PScript is by the MKS Toolkit for Windows
    .cfm - Cold Fusion   Allaire Cold Fusion Server
    .cpp (source) - Visual C++ MSDEV.EXE MS Developer Studio
    .c (source),
    .h (headers)
    - Visual Interdev and Visual J++ DEVENV.EXE MS Development Environment
    .bas (source), .frm (form), .frx (ActiveX controls), .ocx (ActiveX control component), .dob (document object), .vbd (user document before rename), (in-process).dll, (out-process).exe .cab (cabinet files uncompressed by setup)
    .inf (Setup disk information file -- contains information on how controls should be installed to permit installation customization.)
    - Visual Basic VB6.EXE Visual Basic Version 6 IDE
    .lpk (License Package file) - - LPK_TOOL.EXE License Manager
    .ocx (ActiveX control component created by VB) - - regsvr32 /u foo.ocx Registration
    .ddf (Diamond project) - \VB\SetupKit\kitfil32\MAKECAB /F DEMO.DDF Diamond Cabinet Builder
    - .zip application/zip - - -
    .ocx, .dll, .exe, .cab - - SignCode.exe Authenticode Signing
    pdf .pdf application/pdf Adobe Acrobat Reader tool $49 easyPDF generates .pdf files sent to a printer driver. Adobe Acrobat
      css text/css
      rtx text/richtext
      rtf text/rtf

    Visual Studio Service Packs

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Set screen Other Mime Types

    webpage article MIME Type Detection in Microsoft Internet Explorer

    application/andrew-inset ez
    application/mac-binhex40 hqx
    application/mac-compactpro cpt
    application/mathml+xml mathml
    application/octet-stream bin dms lha lzh exe class so dll
    application/oda oda
    application/ogg ogg
    application/postscript ai eps ps
    application/rdf+xml rdf
    application/smil smi smil
    application/srgs gram
    application/srgs+xml grxml
    application/vnd.mif mif
    application/vnd.mozilla.xul+xml xul
    application/ xls
    application/ ppt
    application/vnd.wap.wbxml wbxml
    application/vnd.wap.wmlc .wmlc wmlc
    application/vnd.wap.wmlscriptc .wmlsc wmlsc
    application/voicexml+xml vxml
    application/x-bcpio bcpio
    application/x-cdlink vcd
    application/x-chess-pgn pgn
    application/x-cpio cpio
    application/x-csh csh
    application/x-director dcr dir dxr
    application/x-dvi dvi
    application/x-futuresplash spl
    application/x-gtar gtar
    application/x-hdf hdf
    application/x-httpd-php .php .php4 .php3 .phtml
    application/x-httpd-php-source .phps
    application/x-javascript js
    application/x-koan skp skd skt skm
    application/x-latex latex
    application/x-netcdf nc cdf
    application/x-pkcs7-crl .crl
    application/x-sh sh
    application/x-shar shar
    application/x-stuffit sit
    application/x-sv4cpio sv4cpio
    application/x-sv4crc sv4crc
    application/x-tar .tgz tar
    application/x-tcl tcl
    application/x-tex tex
    application/x-texinfo texinfo texi
    application/x-troff t tr roff
    application/x-troff-man man
    application/x-troff-me me
    application/x-troff-ms ms
    application/x-ustar ustar
    application/x-wais-source src
    application/x-x509-ca-cert .crt
    application/xhtml+xml xhtml xht
    application/xml xml xsl
    application/xml-dtd dtd
    application/xslt+xml xslt
    chemical/x-pdb pdb
    chemical/x-xyz xyz
    model/iges igs iges
    model/mesh msh mesh silo
    model/vrml wrl vrml
    text/calendar ics ifb
    text/sgml sgml sgm
    text/tab-separated-values tsv
    text/vnd.wap.wml .wml wml
    text/vnd.wap.wmlscript .wmls wmls
    text/x-setext etx
    x-conference/x-cooltalk ice

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Set screen Pointer Files to Content Files

    Sample .asx file contents

    Example to play a file hosted by playstreamA website external to this site

      <ASX version = "3.0">
            <title>A Simple ASX</title>
            <AUTHOR>Irving Berlin</AUTHOR>
            <COPYRIGHT>(c)1912 Whatever</COPYRIGHT>
            <REF href="mms://" />

    Sample .ram file contents

    Pointers to content encoded for Real Player do not require AUTHOR and COPYRIGHT, but uses port 554:


    Notice from the above:

    • different protocols are used: mms and rtsp.
    • the .asx pointer files need to be in the same directory as the HTML page which call them.
    • To edit these files, first change their file extension to .txt

    To display video, provide an OBJECT section for Microsoft browsers and an EMBED section is for Netscape browsers:

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Set screen To display Microsoft media


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Set screen To Display Real Media

    Here is a 256 x 192 ImageWindow:

    ControlPanel width=320 height=36 for sound controls only

    PLAY BUTTON PAUSE BUTTON STOP BUTTON MUTE BUTTON To make this easier and quicker for the user, these are activated "on hover" rather than "on click".


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