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Reload this page Keyboard Shortcuts & Accessiblity

This page helps me sort out the inconsistencies in key assignments, by arranging keyboard shortcuts by pull-down menu item. I eventually hope to add Keys for all Microsoft applications here to highlight the frustrating differences.

Keyboard Shortcuts for Windows (Microsoft Knowledge Base Article - 126449)

webpage article Microsoft's Windows Keyboard Guides


Topics this page:

  • Browser Access Keys
  • Oracle, Eclipse Keys
  • Keys by Menu Item
  • Windows Logo keys
  • Toolbar Icons
  • Object Selection
  • Action Keys
  • Function Key Combos
  • Other Key Combos
  • MS Accessiblity Features
  • Keyboards
  • Better Input Devices
  • comments?

    Site Map List all pages on this site 
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    wav sound “To start, press Any key; where's the Any key?" —Homer Simpson in "The Simpsons" TV series

    Set screen Internet Browser Access Keys

      Late-model internet browsers support labels coded in web pages that define specific positions on the page where users can "jump" to using some keystroke combination.

      Those keystrokes are called "access" keys because they ostencibly improve the accessibility of the website to handicapped people.

      The irony is that those keystokes involve difficult multiple/simultaneous key stroke combinations which only two-handed people can perform.

      On Windows browsers, this generally means while holding down the ALT key and pressing a letter such as Alt+F for File from the menu.

      When you press and release the Alt key, then press a letter, you would get the Windows menu.

      With Internet Explorer 5+: Hold down the ALT key and select the number/letter of the access key, then press ENTER .

      On the Macintosh, Internet Explorer 5+ for Mac users press Control (CTRL) key plus the access key letter.

      Access keys are not supported on Internet Explorer 4.5 for Mac and Netscape versions prior to 6.

      Opera browsers provide the best level of accessibility because its Access Keys are activated by single, sequential key strokes that can be pressed with a pointing device by those restricted to single key stroke interaction,

      In sequence, press Shift then Esc and then the number/letter of the access key.

      Reminder When selecting access keys to specify, avoid the keys browsers have already claimed for the grey-bar drop-down menus at the top of the browser (see next section below): F, E, V, A, T, H, D

      This means that you may need to find words that contain the letter of an available key. For example, I use the word "Comments" instead of "Feedback" because the letter "C" is available, but "F" is not.

      Access keys are coded using the accesskey=A attribute within <A tags.

    ACCESSKEY IE Firefox User Defined
    Alt+A Favorites Highlight all -
    Alt+B - Bookmarks Backward
    Alt+C - - Comments
    Alt+D Address
    Alt+E Edit
    Alt+F File
    Alt+G - - Top of Page
    Alt+H Help
    Alt+I - - About this site
    Alt+J - - Jump?
    Alt+K - - -
    Alt+L - - Last updated
    Alt+M - - Site Map
    Alt+N - - Your first name
    Alt+O - - Donate
    Alt+P - - -
    Alt+Q - - -
    Alt+R - - Reduce
    Alt+S - History Search for word
    Alt+T Tools
    Alt+U - - Email me updates
    Alt+V View
    Alt+W - - Wipe out (Refresh/Reset)
    Alt+X - - -
    Alt+Y - - Your Family name
    Alt+Z - - Zoom in/out (Font size)

    Ctrl+e = Search
    Ctrl+t = Open new Tab in current Window
    Ctrl+n = Open current tab in new Window
    Ctrl+w = Close current tab
    F7 = toggle Caret Browsing
    F11 = toggle full screen display

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    Set screen Databases: Keys for Oracle vs. MS SQL Server

      Block Menu Ctrl-B
      Clear Block F7
      Clear Field F5
      Clear Form F8
      Clear Record F6
      Count Query F12
      Delete Record Ctrl+Up Arrow
      Display Error Ctrl+Shift+E
      Down Down Arrow
      Duplicate Field Shift+F5
      Duplicate Record Shift+F6
      Enter Query F11
      Execute Query (Run) Ctrl+F11
      Insert Record Ctrl+Down Arrow
      List Tab Pages F2
      List of Values Ctrl+L
      Next Primary Key Shift+F7
      Next Record Down Arrow
      Previous Record Up Arrow
      Scroll Down Page Down
      Scroll Up Page Up
      Keyboard Shortcuts Ctrl+K
      Up Up Arrow
      Update Record Ctrl-U


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    Set screen Applications: SAP Keys

      Possible entries or matchcode for the field being accessed F4
      Insert current date value in current field F4 F2
      Selection screen F5
      Previous screen F7
      Next screen F8
      Technical Info. F9

      MSN Radio

      Ctrl-P = Play/Pause
      Ctrl-S = Stop
      Ctrl-F = Skip (Forward)
      F8 = Mute
      F9 = Volume Down
      F10 = Volume Up

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    Set screen IDE Applications Keys

      Microsoft Visual Studio 2005 comes with these, among 450 keys:

      Action MSVS Eclipse
      List hotkeys - Ctrl+Shift+L
      Switch between last used files - Ctrl+F6
      Toggle between design and code views F7 -
      Toggle between full screen mode and normal mode Shift+Alt+Enter -
      Toggle breakpoint on/off F9 -
      Comment and uncomment line(s) of code, respectively Ctrl+K, Ctrl+C
      Ctrl+K, Ctrl+U
      Go to definition of a variable, object, or function. F12 -
      Navigate forward and backwards in the go to definition stack. Ctrl+Shift+7
      Expand and collapse code outlining in the editor Ctrl+M, Ctrl+M -
      Find all references of a function or a variable Shift+F12 -
      Incremental Search Ctrl+I Ctrl+J

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    Set screen Eclipse IDE Keys

      Among Top Ten Keys,
      Moving around:

      • Alt-up Alt-down — Grabs the current line (or all selected lines) and moves them up or down.
      • Ctrl-alt-up and ctrl-alt-down — Duplicates the current line (or all selected lines) above or below.
      • Ctrl+J — Incremental Search
      • Ctrl+Shift+T — Search a type, with search on typing. You can use only the upcase letters (e.g. type “MIL” to find MouseInputListener)
      • F3 — Open declaration
      • Ctrl+Alt+H — Open Call Hierarchy
      • Ctrl click — Definition of item clicked.
      • Ctrl+1 — Quick Fix: press while cursor is positioned at member variable, parameter, selection, warnings, errors, …
      • Ctrl+Space — Context Assist: press after a ., or to use macros (for, while, sysout, …). Press in class-scope to automatically create method declarations.
      • Alt+Shift+T — Show Refactor Quick Menu
      • Alt+Shift+R — Quick Rename
      • Ctrl+Shift+/ — toggle comments
      • Ctrl+Shift+O — Organize Imports
      • Ctrl+Shift+F — Reformat source
      • Ctrl+Shift+T — Search for Type
      • Ctrl+Shift+R — Search for Resource
      • Ctrl+O — quick outline / Search for comments
      • Ctrl-2 — Source menu, like ctrl-2, L to create local variable.

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    Set screen Windows Keyboard Shortcuts by Menu Item

    • File   Edit   View   Insert   Format   Favorites   Tools   Table   Shape   Data   Project   Slide Show   Frames   (Outline)   Window   Help  

      Menu Item Shown on and off menu Not shown on menu Oracle
      Activate   F10 or Alt
      File New Ctrl+N F11
      Open Ctrl+O (in MSWord only) Ctrl+F12 or Ctrl+Alt+F2  
      Close  Ctrl+W or Ctrl+F4
      Save Ctrl+S Shift+F12
      Oracle: Ctrl+S
      Save As  F12 or Alt+F2
      Print Preview  Ctrl+F2
      PrintCtrl+P Ctrl+Shift+F12 Oracle: Ctrl+P
      Exit / Quit  Ctrl+Q or Alt+F4 Oracle: F4
      Edit Activate the entry bar to edit text in a field.F2 Oracle: Ctrl+E
      Undo Ctrl+Z 
      Redo / Repeat Ctrl+Y 
      Cut to clipboard, spike Ctrl+XShift+Del, Ctrl+F3
      Copy Ctrl+C Ctrl+Insert
      Paste to clipboard, spike Ctrl+V Shift+Insert, Ctrl+Shift+F3
      Link TaskCtrl+F2 These are "Utility" toolbar icons.
      Unlink Task Ctrl+Shift+F2
      Split Task  
      Update Links Ctrl+Shift+F7Used in PowerPoint and Project?
      Find Find

      Find Next Find Again

      Ctrl+F F3 or

      Goto Ctrl+GF5
      Goto next (resource) overallocation Alt + F5
      View Go to Bookmark Ctrl+Shift+F5(MSWord)
      Go To Selected Task Go to Selected Task on Gantt Chart Ctrl+Shift+F5(MSProject)
        Alt + left/right arrow keysScroll Gantt Chart left/right
      Application control menu Alt + SPACEBAR
      Window control menu Alt + HYPHEN
      Window Restore Ctrl + F5
      Window Move  Ctrl + F7
      Window Size  Ctrl + F8
      Window Minimize 
      Window Maximize Ctrl + F10
      Full ScreenF11 Only in IE (not MSWord)
      Zoom Out Zoom In Zoom...Ctrl+/ Ctrl+* on numeric keys (right hand side of keyboard)Only in MSProject
      Insert New Task Ins (MSProject only)
      Recurring Task   
      Column  Alt+F3
      Insert Hyperlink Ctrl + K..
      New Line Shift+Enter
      New Paragraph Enter
      Non-breaking space character Ctrl+Shift+Spacebar
      Autotext entry Alt+F3(MSWord only)
      Footnote entry Alt+Shift+F
      Table of Contents entry Alt+Shift+O
      Format Font… Ctrl+Shift+F.
      Font Bold, Italic, Underline Ctrl+B, Ctrl+I, Ctrl+U
      Font size Increase Ctrl+Shift+>, Ctrl+[An increment, or single point
      Font size Decrease Ctrl+Shift+<, Ctrl+]
      Paragraph Alignment Left, Right, Center Ctrl+L, Ctrl+R, Ctrl+E
      Paragraph Indent, UnIndent Ctrl+M,
      Style Pickup (copy) Ctrl+Shift+C
      Style Apply (paste) Ctrl+Shift+V
      Style Normal Ctrl+Shift+N
      Style remove character formatting Ctrl+Spacebar
      Style remove paragraph formatting Ctrl+Q
      Tools Spelling… F7  
      Track Changes... on/off.Ctrl+Shift+E
      Macro dialog boxAlt + F8
      Macro… Visual Basic (code) Editor Alt+F11
      Macro… Visual Studio (script) Editor Alt+Shift+F11
      Options... Calculation Ctrl+F9 Turn on/off Auto Calculate
      Calculate all open files F9(MSProject only)
      Update selected fields F9(MSWord only)
      Calculate Calculate the active project Shift + F9(MSProject only)
      Update all DDE links Alt+F9(MSProject only)
      Switch between field codes and results Alt+F9(MSWord only)
      Assign Resources Resources… Assign Resources  Alt+F10(MSProject only)
      Maximize program window Alt+F10(MSWord only)
      Table    (Only in MSWord)
      (Only in MSProject )
      Sort… by ID order Shift+F3 
        Ctrl + Shift + F3Apply the sort order again
      Filtered for: All Tasks F3
        Ctrl+F3Apply the same filter again
      Group by:  
      Task InformationShift + F2  
      WBS  Work Breakdown Structure definition
      Outline Demote to Body Text.Ctrl+Shift+N(MSWord only)
      Move selected paragraph up/down.Alt+Shift+ up/down
      Show text up to style "Heading #".Alt+Shift+ # (Heading number)
      Outdent/Indent (Heading # Promote/Demote).Alt+Shift+ left/right MSWord and MSProject
      Show ALL subtasks Alt+Shift+A or
      Alt+Shift+ * (on numeric keypad)
      Show subtasks next level down Alt+Shift+ + (plus sign)
      Alt+Shift+ - (hyphen)
      Subtask Hide(Collapse)/
       Alt+Shift+ - (minus sign)
      Alt+Shift+ = (equal sign)
      Window New Window...  Shift + F11 or
      Alt + Shift + F1
      Split (Activate split bar) Shift+F6, Alt+Ctrl+S In MSProject, MSWord
      Activate next frame Ctrl + F6
      Activate previous frame Ctrl + Shift + F6
      Activate other frame in combination view F6
      Remove Split  Double click on separator bar, Alt+Shift+C
      Restore frame size(End combination view) Ctrl+F5.
      Restore program window size Alt+F5 
      Help Contents (Office Assistant)F1  Oracle: Ctrl+H
      What's This?Shift+F1   Activate context-sensitive Help pointer
      System Information Ctrl+Alt+F1(MSWord only)

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    Set screen Windows Logo Keys

      by itself toggles (displays or hides) Microsoft's Start menu, the same as clicking . Good to remember when it's hidden.
      + Break displays the System Properties dialog.
      + Minimize — minimizes all open windows.
      + Shift + M un-minimizes (restores) all open windows.
      + Desktop — toggles between the Desktop and open windows.
      + Explorer — opens Windows Explorer (My Computer).
      + Run — displays the Run dialog.
      + Lock the computer or switch user (instead of Ctrl+Alt+Del and clicking Lock).
      + Utility — invokes the Utility Manager for accessibilityon this page.
      + Find — displays the find (Search) dialog.
      + Ctrl + F ind Computers.
      + F1 displays Windows Help.
      + Tab highlights the next Windows task bar on the bottom of the screen.

      The BIOS of your computer has a setting that determines whether the Num Lock toggle is on or off after boot-up. Accountants and others who use the keypad like a calculator would want to have the Num Lock ON by default, since most keyboards today (with 101 or more keys) have directional keys as well.

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    Set screen Mouse Keys


      • Holding down CTRL while dragging a selected item copies that item.

      • Holding down CTRL+Shift while dragging a selected item creates a shortcut to that item.

      Linux Keyboard shortcuts

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    Set screen ToolBar Icon and Menu Inconsistencies

      Icons Not on the Menu

      This Format Painter icon does not have a corresponding menu choice. So leave it on the toolbar. To use it, first select a cell which is formatted the way you want. Click the icon. When you click the target, the format of your first selection would be applied.

      An Easier Way to Find Find

      Find Find and Find Next Find Next on the toolbar are (to me) easier to use than trying to remember whether this application has them under the “Edit” menu like in MS-Word or under “Tools” menu in MS-Outlook.

      Where's Outline?

      In MSWord, Outline Keys controling Promote/Demote are under (Normal) View menu.
      In MSProject, they are under the Project menu.


    tool Clipboard a text macro tool

    New Messages

  • Smash forehead on keyboard to continue...
  • Error! Keyboard not attached. Press F1 to continue.
  • Enter any 11-digit prime number to continue...
  • Press any key to continue or any other key to quit...
  • Press any key... no, No, NO!! Not THAT one!
  • Press   to continue…

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    Set screen Object Selection Keyboard Shortcuts

      Object Windows:
      Oracle vi EMACS Solaris Eclipse
      Character Shift+ left arrow
      Shift+ right arrow
      l or Spacebar
      Word Ctrl+Shift+ left arrow
      Ctrl+Shift+ right arrow
        b e w
      Line up/down
      Line beg./end         Ctrl-A
      Half Page Up/Down      Ctrl+B
      Full Page Up/Down      Ctrl+U
      Paragraph Ctrl+Shift+down arrow
      Field Alt+F1
      Block    Shift+PageUp
      Set of Records    Next: Shift+F8
      App Panel        Shift+Alt+F6
      File Used        Alt+Q, Ctrl-F6, Alt-arrow

      Move Window to the top window: Alt+up arrow
      Move Window to the bottom window: Alt+down arrow

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    Set screen Action Keys

      Action Windows Key EMACS
      Turn on/off Extend Selection modeF8  
      Turn on/off Add To Selection modeShift+F8  
      Reduce a selection to a single fieldShift+BACKSPACE  
      Kills (erases) the rest of the line right of the cursor   Cntl+K
      Yank back last killed string   Cntl+Y
      Undo   Cntl+underscore
      Reverse Search   Cntl+R
      Search Forward   Cntl+S

      With VNC, press F8 for the menu.

      On Blackbox KVMs:

        press Esc and then Ctrl for the switching menu
        press Esc and then F12 for the configuration menu.

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    Set screen Function Key Combinations

      Reminder Hold down the Alt, Ctrl, and Shift keys before a Function key (such as F1).
      Keyby itself Shift+ Alt+ Ctrl+Alt+Alt+Shift+ Ctrl+ Ctrl+Shift+
      F1Help Context Help Reveal Next Field SysInfoPrev Field    
      F2Move Text Copy text ** Open FileSave Print Preview  
      F3Insert Autotext
      or Find
      Change case Create Autotext    Cut to Spike Insert Spike
      F4Redo/Repeat Repeat Find Exit Quit   Close    
      F5Go To Goto last change App Restore     Restore doc Edit Bookmark
      F6Next/Other Pane Prev. Pane Next Window? Prev window?  Next Window Prev Window
      F7Spelling Thesaurus Next misspelling   Move doc Update links
      F8Extend sel. Shrink sel. Run Macro     Size doc Extend sel.
      F9Update Field(s) Toggle field Field codes   Click field Insert Field Unlink field
      F10Menu Mode Shortcuts App Maximize     Maximize doc Ruler
      F11Next Field Prev field VB Code   Display code Lock Field Unlock Field
      F12Save As Save       Open file Print

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    Set screen Other Key Combinations

      Hold down the Alt, Ctrl, or Shift keys first.
      Key Alt+Alt+Ctrl+Alt+Shift+Ctrl+Ctrl+Shift+
      spacebar   Reset CharSticky space
      <- BackspaceUndo RedoDel back word 
      EnterRedo/repeat Page BreakColumn Break 
      Insert   CopyPaste
      Delete   Delete word 
      HomeStart of RowBrowse SelectStart of RowStart of DocStart Doc Extend
      EndEnd of row End of rowEnd of DocEnd of doc extend
      Page DownEnd of ColumnEnd of WindowEnd of ColumnBrowse NextPage Dn Extend
      Page UpStart of ColumnStart of WindowStart of ColumnBrowse PreviousPage Up Extend
      LeftWeb go back Outline PromoteWord LeftWord Left Extend
      RightWeb Go Forward Outline DemoteWord RightWord Rt Extend
      DownNext Object Outline mv downPara downPara down extend
      UpPrev Object Outline Move UpPara UpPara Up Extend
      NUM -  Outline Collapse  
      NUM + Custom Keyboard Outline Expand  
      NUM 5Select Table Normal StyleSelect All 
      >    Increment font size
      <    Decrement font size
      ]    Font 1 pt. more
      [    Font 1 pt. less

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    Set screen Keyboard Shortcuts for International Characters

    Set screen Microsoft Accessiblity Features

      Windows 2000:
      Windows XP:
      Configuration of accessibility options can be confusing.

      The menu items shown at the right are from Programs | Accessories | Acessibility.

      The Accessibility Wizard (accwiz.exe) guides the configuration of features not listed on this menu. The wizard can only be used by someone with Administrative privilegesanother page on this site. Choices made in the wizard are stored in a Accessibility Wizard settings (.acw) file, which when (copied to another computer and) clicked, is imported back onto the computer.

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      Magnifier (magnify.exe) and Narrator (narrator.exe) are listeners of activity on the computer. So, they can automatically start for all users on the local system if there is a value “1” in registry key HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \SOFTWARE \Microsoft \Windows NT \CurrentVersion \Accessibility \Utility Manager for \Magnifier and \Narrator). These value are controlled from within the Utility Manager (utilman.exe) which should be started not from the menu but by holding down the Window logo key on the keyboard while pressing the U key.

      Reminder Narrator only recognizes the titles at the top of screens. To get your computer to read out text in documents, get the
      tool JAWS reader
      tool NvDA open-source screen reader for windows
      More software listed in Microsoft's Accessibility Technology siteA website external to this site

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      Reminder The accessiblity features Microsoft calls SoundSentry and ShowSounds are not shown in the menu, but can be configured in Settings | Control Panel | Accessibility Options.


      .Accessibility Feature Press... Accessibility Wizard Setting
      -- On-Screen Keyboard (osk.exe) allows a mouse to be used instead of the keyboard. . .
      Magnifier (magnify.exe) enlarges the area near the tip of the mouse. . I am blind or have difficulty seeing things on screen
      Narrator (narrator.exe) echos to the speaker user actions and screen headings. .
      Keyboard Sticky Keys Shift key 5 times. I have difficulty using the keyboard or mouse
      Filter Keys Configures the keyboard to ignore brief or repeated keystrokes and to adjust the keyboard repeat rate. Right Shift down key for 8 seconds.
      Toggle Keys Num Lock key down for 5 seconds
      Show extra keyboard help in programs
      Sound SoundSentry flashes either the the desktop, window caption (easy to miss), or current window (the recommended setting) every time the system's built-in speaker beeps. . I am deaf or have difficulty hearing sounds from the computer
      ShowSounds visually displays text captions or icons when a sound is sent to the sound card .
      Display High Contrast . .
      Mouse MouseKeys lets users control the mouse pointer by using the numeric keypad. Left Alt + Left Shift + Num Lock .

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    Set screen Microsoft Keyboards

    hands over 2 keyboards

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    Set screen Keyboard layouts (Keymaps) for Touch Typing Speed

      The QWERTY key layout since 1874 The vast majority of keyboards are labeled for the "QWERTY" layout of keys (so named because of the sequence of keys above the left hand). This was designed in the 1870's to slow down typing to prevent the mechanical mechanism from jamming by fast typists.

      Those (like me) who prefer the efficiency of looking at the screen while typing would likely find worthwile the investment of learning "touch typing". I think it was the most useful class I had in junior high school. Note: Studies say that it's a waste of effort to speed drill for more than two hours daily.

      Similarly, those who have done it do not regret memorizing the "Dvorak" keyboard layout, named for the person who in 1932 patented the keymap which places the most commonly used letters (vowels) under where fingers rest. Less finger moverment means faster typing and (more importantly), fewer mistakes.

        To A website external to this site switch in Windows XP: Start > Control Panel > Regional and Language Options > Languages tab > Details button > Add button.
        Under Keyboard Layout/IME, select United States-Dvorak (or Left- or Right-handed), then click OK.
        To make this change survive past the next Windows system reboot, select United States-Dvorak again in the Default input language pull-down.

      The Dvorak key layout Idea Right click on the keyboard graphic and print it. Refer to the printout so that you don't get in the habit of looking at the keyboard.

      Idea Use your fingers to find the little bumps on the QWERTY "F", "J", "F4", and "F8" keys. This habit comes in handy when you have to type in the dark.

      another page on this siteInternational keyboards...

      To change the type or layout of your Red Hat Linux keyboard:


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      Set screen Bill Gates in Hell

      Bill Gates dies and goes to hell. Satan greets him.

      "Welcome Mr. Gates, we've been waiting for you. This will be your home for all eternity. Now, since you've got me in a good mood, I'll be generous and give you a choice of three places in which you'll be locked up forever."

      Satan takes Bill to a huge lake of fire in which millions of poor souls are tormented and tortured.

      He then takes him to a massive colosseum where thousands of people are chased about and devoured by starving lions.

      Finally, he shows Bill a tiny room in which there is a… computer.

      Without hesitation, Bill says "I'll take this option."

      "Fine. Go and login," says Satan, allowing Bill to enter the room.

      Satan then locks the room. As he turns around, he bumps into Lucifer.

      "That was Bill Gates!" cried Lucifer. "Why did you give him the best place of all?"

      "That's what everyone thinks," snickered Satan.

      "That PC is run by Windows 95!" laughed Satan. "And it's missing three keys."

      "Which three?"

      "Control, Alt, and Delete."

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    Set screen Better Input Devices

      Membrane keyboards are silent, waterproof, and cleanable.

      tool The IBM Java Self Voicing Kit (SVK) (1999), provides blind users access to Java applications by speaking automatically. It uses the IBM Access Engine background technology that exploits Java Swing application accessibility features. Java Program files, called Perks, tell the Access Engine (through toolkit methods) what to do when specific events occur, such as focus changes, selection, or receiving input from an input device. It includes a tool to test apps for accessibility.

      Ergonomic zero-reach Mouse and keyboard combo

      I wish that there is a way for me to switch from keyboard to mouse or get to Alt, Ctrl, Home, and other special keys without having to look for them every time. The mouse button on the middle of some laptop keyboards gave me repetitive injuries, causing musculoskeletal disorders.

      Tapping the "menu" button brings up the search option.

      Instead of keeping my hands raised over a keyboard, between strokes I can do healthy computing and rest them on highly rated $189 USB “MultiTouch” touchpads from FingerWorks that recognizes hand taps and movements of several fingers. Dropping a single finger on the square marked "A" puts that character on the screen (in lower case). That character is capitalized if I also dropped all four fingers of the opposite hand. Home, End, Scroll, and PageUp/Down keys are activated by moving four fingers to the left, right, or up/down. Spreading the 4 fingertips wide as you drop them on the ASDF home row surface activates the Ctrl (Mac Apple/Cmd) chord.

      Point Instead of moving my whole hand to drag the mouse, I move two fingers on the pad. Two fingers and a thumb is a right-click. Three fingers is a double-click. Moving three fingers selects text.

      Best of all, I can use (more intuitive) grasping motions to cut, paste, and zoom.
      Copy Cut Paste Save Zoom In Zoom Out Magnify

      Gamers may appreciate the speed achievable from special gestures for gaming.

      The iPhone and Microsoft Touch is making use of gestures an important part of the human-computer interface.

      Experience this demo of jQuery gestures:

        Hold down the Ctrl or Alt key:
        Left Previous picture
        Right Next Picture
        Up Hide picture
        Down Show picture
        Up, Right Show title
        Down, Right Hide title
        Down, Left Open flickr page
        Down, Up, Right, Down Toggle Help

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    Set screen User Interface Design Guidelines

      It's best to design an interface that can be operated either without a mouse (keyboard alone) or without a keyboard (with a mouse only).

      Instead of requiring… Also design in…
      right-click to obtain a menu item Radio button
      double-click to toggle on/off Check box

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